2021 - Presente - MATER GEO

Accumulations of oil and gas are stored in different types of sedimentary rocks that have different geological characteristics. In this regard, in order to correlate the occurrences of hydrocarbons in wells, fields and sedimentary basins, it is necessary to observe mainly the lithological and chemical aspects. Currently, with the discovery of new exploratory frontiers such as the Pre-salt, the need for realization of routine chemical analyzes for the Oil and Gas Industry, making investment in laboratories that can supply the existing demand in that area essential. Thus, in order to initiate this procedure in Brazil and make it possible to apply various analytical techniques, it is very important to use reference materials that ensure the quality control of the results.

To this end, the Institute of Petroleum and Natural Resources of PUCRS (IPR-PUCRS) presents the Project Development of National Reference Materials for Geological Samples (MATER GEO) whose main objective is to develop different national reference materials to guarantee analytical quality of R&D projects for the oil industry, as well as to meet future demands (specialized services). In this sense, the MATER GEO project aims to systematize and develop procedures to characterize petrographic and chemically different geological samples, as well as to organize interlaboratory tests to compare the results. In addition, so that the IPR can adequately meet the needs and expectations of the Oil and Gas Industry, a Quality Management System of analytical techniques (certification of procedures) will be structured.

2020 - Current GENESIS

Project whose objective is the study of the origin and evolution of the pre-salt reservoir rocks by means of sedimentological and petrographic studies of the singenetic and diagenetic constituents. Integrated with analytical geochemical techniques, the project will allow a better understanding of the formation and modifications of mineralogical constituents and their impact on the quality of the reservoir.

2019 - Current GEACRON

This project aims to expand the laboratory capacity in Advanced Geochemistry and Geochronology (Geacron) of PUCRS IPR Laboratories. PUCRS, through the Petroleum and Natural Resources Institute (IPR), has historically developed expertise based on the analyzes associated with the Conegás I project (infrastructure, equipment, chemical analysis) and, subsequently, with the Conegas II Project, which involved the interpretation results focused on gas hydrates. (Insert link of Conegas I and Conegas II projects) The institution has a great multidisciplinary capacity and even having a high knowledge in Geochemistry acquired in previous projects, there is a need to seek new challenges, with possibilities for expansion in the areas of Inorganic and Organic Geochemistry to meet the demands of the Oil and Gas Industry.

The Geacron project aims to:

  • Acquire new equipment to increase the analytical capacity and thereby allow future research projects. Additionally, it appears that there is a need to expand knowledge in analytical techniques that are not usual in Brazil, or limited to a few research institutions, but that do not meet the demand of the Oil and Gas Industry and that today are served through service International.                  
  • Due to the high number of routine chemical analyzes contained in the Oil and Gas Industry, it is necessary to invest in alternatives that meet it.
  • Contribute to understanding the deposits of Brazilian Pre-Salt, because in addition to understanding the chemical conditions of paleoenvironment formation through chemical and isotopic characterization of both the reservoir rocks, seals and finally, the original fluids of these formations, it is also necessary to register and place chronostratigraphic deposits and their deposition conditions.

2016 - Current Gasbras

Support to the R&D Network in Non Conventional Gas in Brazil - The project has as main objective the establishment of a national research network to study the best way for the development of the unconventional gas industry in Brazil, the R&D Network in Non Conventional Gas in Brazil (GASBRAS), which includes studies in the various phases that involve the sustainable use of unconventional gas, from the assessment of available reserves, through exploration, production and distribution techniques, the development of techniques for environmental preservation and from the formulation of public policies, to regulation and social aspects. The main focus of studies on the network will be shale gas, but the occurrences of methane contained in the coal layers, including associated carbonaceous shales, and gas in a low permoporosity reservoir will also be evaluated,
pelo fato dos três tipos de jazimento ocorrerem nas principais bacias interiores do Brasil, objeto do presente estudo.

2014 - Present Conegas II

Project certified by the coordinator Joao Marcelo Medina Ketzer on 06/22/2016.

Project financed by Petrobras that aims to synthesize gas hydrates by different gas compositions in a pilot plant that simulate pressure and temperature conditions in the ocean. Chemical characterization of structured structures of synthesized hydrates using analytical techniques such as
X-ray diffractometer, isotopic ratio mass spectrometer and gas chromatography. The project also proposes to interpret the geochemical and seismic data obtained in the Conegas I Project to understand the dynamics of formation and origin of gas hydrates in the Cone of Rio Grande, Brazil. The interpretation of the data will depend on the interdisciplinarity of knowledge such as chemistry, biology and geology. Technicians and researchers were hired to compose the human resources for this project.